REACTION: MY MIND IS SPINNING
How stress affects our
Stress seems to affect our mental functioning in four inter-related ways: 1) Our focus becomes more narrow; 2) We
become less receptive, less able to take in new information; 3) It becomes harder for us to concentrate; and, 4) We tend to
recycle or repeat negative thought patterns over and over.
I think the narrowing of focus
is an adaptive response for an animal who is threatened. A few years ago I woke in the middle of the night to the sound of
glass breaking. I ran outside and saw that some of our chickens had flown through the window of the chicken coop. I grabbed
the pitchfork and opened the door to see a silver fox sitting in the laying boxes, eating the eggs we hadn't picked up
the day before. I jabbed the pitchfork in front of the laying boxes and the fox quickly moved back and forth between the two
boxes. Whenever the fox moved, I moved the pitchfork in response. I (along with the pitch fork) became the total focus for
the fox. It didn't glance over at the remaining chickens to see which one might make a good meal. It kept its entire focus
on the guy who could cause serious damage with the pitch fork. Fortunately for the fox, I was struggling with myself about
using that pitchfork. It was a beautiful animal, yet if I didn't kill it, there was little question that it would be back
and my chickens would disappear. I must have moved a second too late while I was having this internal dialogue, because the
next thing I saw was a silver blur whizzing out the door.
Maintaining that singular focus
under a threat saved the fox's life. The problem with human stress is that our threats are much more complicated and rarely
come from a single direction. Most often we are dealing with multiple stressors as well as memories from past stress. As we
narrow our focus, we miss other things that are happening. In many cases, the solutions to our problems and stress lie hidden
among those other things.
Stress gears us up for action mentally as well as physically.
We easily get so caught up in what we are doing (or should be doing) that there is no space for contemplation or reflection.
I recall a lesson learned when installing a ceiling fan when we were building our home. I had workers scheduled to help finish
drywall early that next morning and needed the fan to circulate the heat from the wood stove so that the plaster would cure
properly. Upon coming home from work, with an evening meeting scheduled shortly after dinner, I thought "If I hurry,
I can get this up before the meeting." I hurried and got it up and running. But after the meeting I noticed that I had
hung the fan directly over the stove. A call to my neighbor confirmed that the fan had to be moved: the heat from the stove
would ruin the fan. There were lots of unforeseen complications with the new location but, though tired and frustrated, I
persevered until well after midnight and got the fan up and working.
The next day, the
first thing my wife said was: "Why did you hang it there?" She couldn't understand why I had put the fan in
such a strange place. It was because of a typical mental response to stress. My first focus was to get the fan up and working.
The second focus was to move it a certain distance from the stove. I never took the time to ask myself: "Where would
be a good place to hang this fan?" The fan came down one more time and was moved to the center of the room where it is
now both attractive and functional.
Hurry and pressure limit our vision and receptivity.
We can get stuck on one track and totally miss that there might be other influences or considerations. When we struggle with
numbers of stressors at the same time, our focus gets pulled from one to another. We are dealing with one problem but thinking
about what needs to be done about two or three others. The result is distraction and difficulty concentrating.
Mind and body
Our mind and our body are intimately connected. When we think about something our body gets ready
to perform. When our mind and body are both focused in the same direction, there is little stress. We are generating energy
but using it toward a productive end. However, when our mind is scanning all of our various stressors or dwelling on old hassles,
stress and tension increase.
Our mind seems to recognize when there is tension and tends to be pulled into thinking about
it. Thinking about stress often increases our stress levels. Increased stress levels result in more tension and a greater
tendency for our mind to be distracted. Our thinking becomes less and less productive as our tension and distraction escalate.
The tension often continues after we have left the stressful situation and it continues to pull on our thoughts. We repeat
similar thoughts again and again. This recycling of our thoughts continues to build stress and tension until it seems that
our minds just won't stop. The same stressful events can be recycled through the night and into the next day when we return
to the stressful situation with even fewer mental resources to deal with it effectively.
simplistic solution is to tell ourselves "Don't think about it." I have never found this to work. Trying not
to think about something seems to create a tension that draws our thoughts right back where we don't want them. Chapter
Thirteen outlines specific exercises that teach us to take control of our thoughts, to let go of unproductive thinking, and
to focus on solving the problems at hand. These are not difficult skills to learn; and most clients and students report improvements
within a week or two. However, these skills become much more effective to the extent that we practice them regularly and maintain
overall balance with our body, mind, emotions, and spirit.